Is weed legal in Canada – Marijuana legalization Canada

Last Updated : January 23, 2021 by canadianmarijuanaproducts

If you are not sure about the is weed legal in Canada and tired of looking at various websites, this article on Marijuana legalization in Canada will surely help you out. In this post, you will find important details regarding marijuana and its legality in Canada. The post also includes a guide on buying and consuming Cannabis laws in various states of Canada.

What is Cannabis?

Cannabis refers to a collection of three plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

At the point when the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, you’re left with one of the most widely recognized drugs on the planet. Some call it pot, some call it to weed, and others call it marijuana.

Cannabis is comprised of more than 120 components, which are identified as cannabinoids. Analyzers still aren’t sure what each cannabinoid does, but they have an excellent understanding of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

The various forms of Cannabis are used in different ways:

  • Marijuana is smoked in hand-moved cigarettes (joints), or a channel (a bong).
  • Hashish is usually added to tobacco and smoked, or baked and consumed in foods such as hash cookies.
  • Hash oil is more often spread on the tip or paper of a cigarette and then smoked.

Marijuana legalization

The legality of marijuana for recreational and medical use differs by nation, in terms of its possession, distribution, and growing, and (in regards to medical) how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for.

Cannabis is illegal in numerous places, but more and more areas are starting to legalize it for both recreational and medical uses. In the United States, for instance, several states have legalized recreational and medical Cannabis.

Others have legalized it just for medical use. But Cannabis stays illegal under federal law in the United States.

The research supporting CBD used for irritation and pain is promising. The use of CBD to decrease some kinds of illnesses is resolved.

The laws around Cannabis also shift from country to country. Some permit the use of just CBD products, while others consider any Cannabis to use a serious offense.

If you’re curious to try Cannabis, make sure to look into the laws in your region first.

Cannabis Act in Canada

The Cannabis Act creates a strict legal structure for controlling the creation, distribution, sale, and possession of Cannabis across Canada. The Act aims to accomplish three goals:

  • Keep Cannabis out of the hands of teens
  • Keep profits out of the pockets of culprits
  • Secure general well being and safety by allowing adults access to legal Cannabis

Subject to common or territorial restrictions, adults who are 18 years of age or more established are legally ready to:

  • Possess as much as 30 grams of legal Cannabis, dried or identical in non-dried structure in broad daylight.
  • Share as much as 30 grams of legal Cannabis with another adult.
  • Buy dried or fresh Cannabis and cannabis oil from a provincially-licensed seller.
  • In territories and provinces, without a regulated retail system, individuals can buy Cannabis online through federally-licensed producers.
  • Grow, from authorized seed or seedlings to 4 cannabis plants for every house for personal use.
  • Make Cannabis products, such as drinks and food dishes, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to produce concentrated products.

As of October 17, 2019, eatable cannabis products and concentrates are legally available to be purchased.

Possession Limit

The possession limitation in the Cannabis Act is based on dried Cannabis. Equivalents were created for other cannabis products to identify what their possession limit would be.

One (1) gram of dried Cannabis is equivalent to:

  • 5 grams of fresh Cannabis
  • 15 grams of the eatable item
  • 70 grams of the fluid item
  • 0.25 grams of concentrates (solid or fluid)
  • One cannabis plant seed

This means, for instance, that a grown-up 18 years of age or more established can legally possess 150 grams of fresh Cannabis.

Age restrictions

No person may sell or give Cannabis to any person younger than 18. There are two criminal offenses identified with providing Cannabis to youth, with the most extreme penalties of 14 years in prison:

  • Giving or selling Cannabis to youth
  • Using a teenager to commit a cannabis-related offense

Criminal penalties

Cannabis offenses target those acting outside of the legal system, such as organized wrongdoing. Penalties are set concerning the seriousness of the offense.

Sanctions range from warnings and tickets for minor crimes to criminal prosecution and imprisonment for more serious crimes. Some offenses specifically target individuals who make Cannabis accessible to teens.

Offense Penalties
Possession over the limit tickets for small amounts, up to 5 years less a day in jail
Illegal distribution or sale tickets for small amounts, up to 14 years in jail
Producing cannabis beyond personal cultivation limits or with combustible solvents tickets for small amounts, up to 14 years in jail
Taking cannabis across Canada’s borders up to 14 years in jail
Giving or selling cannabis to a person under 18 up to 14 years in jail
Using a youth to commit a cannabis-related offense up to 14 years in jail

Where to purchase Cannabis in Canada

Every area has its own specific rules on where to purchase Cannabis. In almost every territory (aside from Nunavut), Cannabis is typically sold in a government-run retail shop or a secretly run dispensary, or a hybrid of the two.

The most important thing to recall is the primary legal approach to buy Cannabis is through such stores, and they typically have a seal displayed in the window to indicate the Canadian government approves them.

Guide to purchase, possess or consume Cannabis in Canada

Although the Cannabis Act allows for the legal use of Cannabis, provinces, and territories are allowed to enact restrictions and regulations regarding the sale, distribution, and use of Cannabis.

For instance, every region and territory sets its own retail sales procedures and these change as to ownership or retail outlets, but all incorporate an option for online sales.

When you are traveling within Canada, if you meet the base age prerequisite of the area or territory you are in, you may have as many as 30 grams of dried Cannabis or the equal.

You are responsible for learning the laws of the area or territory you are going to visit. If you use Cannabis, keep the rules in that jurisdiction. Every region and province has its own excise stamp for legal cannabis products.

Here’s a handy guide on the most proficient method to purchase and consume weed in Canada’s ten provinces and three territories when the federal Cannabis Act comes into power.


Buying: Consumers can purchase weed from privately running retail locations that get the endorsement from the Alberta Cannabis agency, gaming, liquor, or online via a website run by the AGLC. So far, most of the physical stores will be in the Edmonton region.

Possession: Adults more than 18 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space, there and no restriction on possession in a private residence. Any cannabis has to be packed in closed packaging and stored far from any occupants when being transported by vehicle.

Consumption: Consuming Cannabis is allowed at the house and open spaces where smoking tobacco is permitted. But it is restricted in all cannabis retail outlets, vehicles (aside from those used as a transitory residence, similar to a left RV), and within a “prescribed distance” from playgrounds, sports fields, zoos, outdoor theaters, or outdoor pools.

British Columbia

Buying: You can purchase from government-run physical and online stores, and eventually, private retail locations. However, a single government-run store in the region, situated in Kamloops, is on target to open by October 17.

More than 100 private-store applications have been submitted and are being checked, so the BC Liquor Distribution Branch’s online system will probably be the best option.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space, and a limit of 1 kg at home.

Consumption: It’s allowed at houses —unless it violates an existing lease where smoking tobacco is barred.

Smoking marijuana is prohibited wherever tobacco smoking is restricted, “as well as at playgrounds, sports fields, skate parks, and other places where youngsters regularly gather,” according to British Columbia’s government website. It is also restricted to school properties and vehicles.


Buying: Only Manitoba Lotteries and Liquor is allowed actually to get Cannabis for retail sale. The government agency then authorizes (and regulates) private cannabis shops and online retailers to sell that Cannabis. Adequately authorized retailers incorporate Canopy Growth, Delta 9, and Tokyo Smoke.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in a public space, and there is no prohibition at home.

Consumption: Only allowed in private houses; it’s prohibited in all open spaces.


Buying: Currently, the online Ontario Cannabis Store is the main legal place to purchase weed. The government has presented legislation that would allow sales at private retail locations starting from April 2019.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space, and there is no offense to use it at home.

Consumption: It is allowed in private residences, numerous open spaces, guest rooms in hotels, and residential vehicles and boats. It is prohibited in like manner indoor areas, schools, and other places where youngsters gather, hospitals, hospices, openly possessed sports fields, and other outdoor areas, similar to bar patios.

New Brunswick

Buying: Consumers can just purchase through Cannabis NB, a subsidiary of the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation. This government agency will be in charge of all pot sales in the region. Cannabis NB plans for 20 stand-alone shops to open on October 17. Online, you can also just purchase weed through Cannabis NB’s site.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space, and there is no restriction on the amount of Cannabis you can keep at home.

Consumption: Allowed distinctly in private residences, or land adjacent to private residences (e.g., in your patio).


Buying: The Société Québécoise du Cannabis has opened 15 shops on October 17, and expects to include five more by the end of the year. You can also purchase Cannabis through the SQDC online

Possession: Adults more than 18 can possess as much as 30 grams in an open space, and 150 grams at home.

Consumption: You are allowed to smoke weed anyplace; you are allowed to smoke tobacco. That means it is prohibited in restaurants, bars, bus shelters, playgrounds, workplaces, and within a nine-meter radius of building entrances.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Buying: You can purchase at private retail locations or online. The distribution, supply, and sale of Cannabis both online and in-store are regulated by the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space and at home.

Consumption: You can consume Cannabis in private dwellings, in yards appended to a private house, in lodgings, in high rise units, and in vehicles used as a brief residence when not out and about—as long as the proprietor or landlord hasn’t set their own restrictions on cannabis use on their property. It is prohibited out in the open spaces, engine vehicles, and boats.

Northwest Territories

Buying: The Northwest Territories Liquor and Cannabis Commission handles all sales—consumers can just purchase online through the NTLCC or in alcohol stores that have NTLCC endorsement.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried an open space. In a vehicle, Cannabis has to be packed in closed packaging and stored far from all occupants. As of this writing, there is no restriction on what amount of dried Cannabis can be stored at home.

Consumption: The use of Cannabis is limited to private property where you can smoke tobacco, trails, and roadways (when not operating an engine vehicle), and parks when not being used for an open occasion. It is forbidden in places that are frequented visited by kids, such as playgrounds and sports grounds.

Nova Scotia

Buying: The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation is the leading approved retailer of Cannabis. Consumers can purchase from the NSLC in-store or online.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space, and there is no restriction on the amount you can keep at home if it is for personal use.

Consumption: You can consume Cannabis in your own home. It is prohibited in vehicles for all occupants.


Buying: You can purchase from the Nunavut Liquor and Cannabis Commission online, by telephone, or in agency stores. They also have the legal right to grant other “agents” the right to sell Cannabis in the interest of the government and can license stores and lounges.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis in an open space. As of this writing, Nunavut has not declared a possession limit for the amount Cannabis can be stored at home, which is in accordance with federal law.

Consumption: Allowed in private residences, but not out in the open spaces, other than designated cannabis lounges, or at permitted events. It is also prohibited in vehicles and areas frequently visited by minors, such as schools, hospitals, and playgrounds.

Fun fact: The territory’s formal word for weed is the Inuktitut word, “surrarnaqtuq,” although it’s not always used in the government’s website.

Sovereign Edward Island

Buying: There will be four government-run Cannabis nearby locations in Prince Edward Island. Consumers can also purchase Cannabis online.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams in an open space. There are no restrictions at home.

Consumption: You can consume weed in private homes and joined yards, on empty land with the consent of the proprietor, or in designated spaces for smoking in other residential areas such as rental or long-term care facilities. It’s illegal to take Cannabis in bars or restaurants.


Buying: You can purchase online or in person, but just at private retail locations that have been authorized by Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority. Right now, a considerable lot of the region’s pot stores won’t be open in time for October 17.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis, and as Saskatchewan’s government website has not specified if this is limited to open spaces, federal law states there is no cannabis possession limitation at home.

Consumption: Allowed in private houses but prohibited in all open spaces, including parks and playgrounds—it is also restricted anyplace smoking tobacco is not allowed.


Buying: Cannabis will be accessible online from the Yukon Liquor Corporation, a government agency that will open one store in the city of Whitehorse.

The territory’s website states’: “Yukon will probably empower private retail locations to work under a licensing regime after legalization,” which means that exclusive stores will eventually have the option to sell Cannabis with the government of Yukon’s endorsement.

Possession: Adults more than 19 can possess as much as 30 grams of dried Cannabis with the rest of their personal effects, and there is no restriction on the amount of Cannabis you can keep at home.

Consumption: You are just allowed to consume Cannabis in private residences and adjoining properties.

Final Thoughts

Cannabis is a term that is being increasingly used to allude to marijuana or weed. Regardless of what you call it, Cannabis has a variety of short-and long-term effects, which can be both gainful and hurtful.

If you’re interested in trying Cannabis, start by checking whether it’s legal in your region. To get more information about Cannabis, you can keep visiting our blog.

If it is, consider talking to a specialist or pharmacist before making sure it won’t communicate with any medications or supplements you take. A specialist can also assist you with weighing the potential benefits and risks to your well being.

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